Kabuga is undergoing a detailed medical assessment to determine his fitness to travel to the Mechanism's Arusha branch for trial. Photo AG /HAGUE

A Rwandan businessman wanted for genocide and crimes against humanity, Felicien Kabuga appeared on Wednesday before the International Residual Mechanism for Criminal Tribunals (Mechanism) in The Hague.

Félicien Kabuga stands charged with seven counts of genocide, attempt to commit genocide, conspiracy to commit genocide, and extermination and persecution as crimes against humanity, in respect of the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda.

At the request of Kabuga’s Counsel and in accordance with the Mechanism’s Rules of Procedure and Evidence, Judge Bonomy entered a plea of not guilty on Kabuga’s behalf and indicated that it could be changed at any time.

Kabuga was first indicted by the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) on 26 November 1997 and was arrested near Paris on 16 May 2020.

Félicien Kabuga was the President of the Comité provisoire of the Fonds de défense nationale (National Defence Fund) from about 25 April 1994 to July 1994 and President of the Comité d’Initiative of Radio Television Libre des Milles Collines (RTLM) during the time of the crimes pleaded in the indictment.